The Malay Sultanate of Pahang Gallery


Pahang is believed to have existed since as early as the late palaeolithic period. Entering the Historical Age, Pahang was once controlled by Sriwijaya, came under the influence of the Majapahit kingdom and the kings of Siam in the 13th century. By the end of the 15th century, Pahang was ruled by Malay sultans from Melaka royal lineage. In the 17th century, upon the weakening of the kingdom of Ache, Pahang became part of the Johor-Pahang-Riau-Lingga Empire. After the enactment of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty on 17 March 1824, Pahang governed its land independently and was no longer subject to the rule of the Johor-Pahang-Riau-Lingga Empire.

Sultan Ahmad succeeded and reigned over Pahang by the end of the civil war in the mid-19th century (1857-1863). His Majesty had to deal with the British who were trying to enter Pahang under the auspices of British colonial governmental bodies. British intervention brought about resistance from the Orang Besar Pahang and the warriors of Pahang resulting in armed clashes between them for a number of years (1891-1895). The British then managed to establish The Federated Malay States comprising Pahang, Perak, Selangor and Negeri Sembilan.

In 1941, Pahang was occupied by the Japanese army, and in addition to that, in 1948 Pahang had to defend itself from persistent attacks by communist terrorists. Pahang later became part of the Federation of Malaya, achieved independence together and was eventually brought together into an alliance, Malaysia. 

In general, this gallery presents the historical journey of Pahang state and its Malay Sultanate through various selected collections of artefacts, videos, as well as pictures of historical events during the reign of Pahang sultans from His Majesty Sultan Ahmad Al-Mu’adzam Shah to the present, heir to the throne, His Royal Highness the Regent of Pahang, Crown Prince Tengku Hassanal Ibrahim Alam Shah Ibni Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah.

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Available in Muzium Sultan Abu Bakar (Pekan)